A study by the local city council revealed numbers choosing to live abroad in the last 26 years peaked last year.
The study shows the top three destinations for young Bolognese are: the United Kingdom, France or the United States. And they are young. A boom started about five years ago for those who decided to move abroad and it appears to have reached a tipping point in 2016. The main reasons involves those who go to study or work. The study was commissioned by the Statistical Office of the City of Bologna, and calls into account the reason for this increase in the phenomenon.
Last year, in fact, there were almost 10,500 people who left La Grassa to move elsewhere, 985 of which went much further beyond the national border. In 2015 there were fewer than 800 cases, but this growth is especially prevalent in recent years. From 1990 to the present there were about 10,300 expats, but 4,000 are concentrated from 2012 to today. They were 172 in 1990, 303 in 1998, then almost 500 until 2008, before progressively reaching over 600 cases per year. The average age of Italian migrants who chose to move abroad is 33.4 years, much lower than the average Bolognese person living in the city (over 49 years). Therefore, these are mainly young people of active age (30-44 years old who make up 42% of the total), and in the last five years they have chosen to go to the UK (877 cases), France and the United States (354), Germany (308), Spain (289) and Switzerland (275), although there are others choosing to settle down in Brazil, Argentina, China or Australia.
The Statistical Office revealed that, “The overall migration balance in Bologna is broadly positive in 2016 (+2,263 residents) whereas the migration of Italian citizens abroad is negative (633 individuals). The total number of Bolognese registered at Aire – the Register for Italians resident abroad – is more than 17,000. These may include people who have long lived abroad because they have moved over the years or because they are children to Bolognese parents who initially moved abroad. But the study emphasizes that 59% of them, however, were not born in Italy.”